Everything You Need to Know About Sea Conditions in the Middle East Region: Persian & Arabian Seas

The Persian Gulf & Arabian Sea has a subtropical desert climate with very mild winters and scorching summers. Strong NW-ly winds, known as Shamal winds, are the most significant influencing phenomena in the region that can trigger dust storms. Winter is the wettest part of the year with showers and thunderstorms affecting more northern areas more than the south. Further south, the NW-ly winds can bring very humid air making the heat quite oppressive in the summer.


The Arabian Sea has a monsoon climate. North-easterly (NE-ly) winds blow across the basin during the winter months (November to March), backing to south-westerly (SW-ly) during the summer months (April to November).



Why is the region essential for the offshore industry?


The region is the world’s single largest source of petroleum. Significant gas finds have also been made in the area. As a result, Oil & gas, as well as related industries, dominate the economy in the Middle East region.


Why is it vital to understand sea conditions?


Accurate and precise weather forecasts are a necessity in most offshore operations to reduce costs, mitigate or avoid delays and improve safety.


When operational limits are marginal, understanding the sea conditions through accurate forecasts are essential (and often required by insurers). Short to medium term forecasts (5-7 days) help with day to day running, ensuring operational limits and the safety of personnel/equipment are within bounds. Further Outlook Forecasts (15 days) give project managers, stakeholders, and decision-makers a better idea of upcoming weather events and help them mitigate potential delays.


Understanding sea conditions in the Middle East Region: Persian Gulf & Arabian Seas


To help offshore companies understand the specific weather conditions in key regions around the world, we've created The Offshore Sea Conditions Guides. It's our six-part series, explaining the key characteristics of sea conditions around the world. Each edition explores how specific conditions affect offshore operations, and what you can do to minimize the impact of these conditions on your next project.


The Middle East Region: Persian Gulf & Arabian Seas guide includes insight on key weather phenomenon in the region, including:

  • Thunder and Dust Storms
  • Shamal Winds
  • Summer and Winter Shamal
  • Monsoon
  • Tropical storms


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Download The Offshore Sea Conditions Guides